Yurt is a nomadic shelter lived in for thousands of years by tribes from the near East and Central Asia, from Iran to Mongolia. The circular dome gives a very small wind shadow and the lattice walls compress to absorb the energy of gusting winds. In temperatures of –50C nomads have stayed warm insulated by the thick layer of felt and heated by a stove. In the heat of summer the dome is opened and the skirts lifted allowing good ventilation but still providing valuable shade from the sun in a shelter less expanse.
Yurts evolved on the exposed Central Asia Steppes where they would provide reliable shelter in ferocious storms and sub-zero temperatures. The original design of the yurt with its dome placed on a trellis wall creating an incredibly spacious circle makes for an ideal nomadic home, portable protection from the elements.
“For nomads, very simply, there exists the everyday necessity of living in harmony with nature, otherwise they can’t survive – and this situation never changes.”
Yurt is known as a “Boz Ui” in Kyrgyzstan, or a Ger in Mongolia. The word Yurt itself is derived from Kyrgyz origins “Zhurt” meaning the home tribe, home land or home village.
The Yurts ancient design has survived the ages due to its immensely practical nature. It is portable and easy to install, being traditionally transported on horseback by nomadic herders. The harsh climate and extreme temperatures of the Asian steppe and mountains required a shelter that is stable in strong winds, well insulated, sustainable and comfortable. The Yurt has all these characteristics.